There’s a direct correlation between the budget level and the number of women given the opportunity to direct those films. Higher budget, less women. Now, there are more interesting independent movies that can be made at a lower budget and still reach an audience through new distribution technologies. Internet distribution (VOD) has opened up the door for other voices that were shut out of Hollywood, whether it’s women, African-American, Asian filmmakers or other “outsiders” (i.e., non-white males). There’s a bunch of women recently who’ve directed big animated movies. But work directing the big action movies and their sequels is usually given to men. There’s a club of guys that they trust to make those kinds of movies, especially when the budgets reach $100 million-plus and they want the film to appeal to 15-year-old boys. You’d think the studios would recognise that there is a large female audience that also likes action-adventure movies and get some women to direct them. They’ve discovered that female audience in the “fantasy” world with films like Twilight (2008) and The Hunger Games (2012). And it’s interesting to note that Twilight was originally directed by a woman [Catherine Hardwicke].